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Celebrating the Life

UT Collections

48 results, page 3 of 5 48 results
  • James Farmer founded the Committee on Racial Equality (later the Congress of Racial Equality, or CORE) in 1942 with a group of fellow students devoted to the principles of non-violent protest of racism and segregation. The organization is best known for launching the Freedom Rides of the summer of 1961 and for participating in the lobbying effort for the Civil Rights Bill of 1964. James Farmer and his wife, Lula, were active in civil rights work through the late 1990s, founding several civil rights organizations such as the Center for Community Action Education and the Council for Minority Planning and Strategy (COMPAS). James received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Bill Clinton in 1998. The collection includes extensive documentation of CORE, COMPAS and Farmer's other organizations, and Farmer's involvement with national politics and his speaking engagements.

    English
    1921-1999
    Briscoe Center for American History
  • Joe Bernal was a Texas legislator who advocated for Mexican-American rights. His work was primarily focused on legislation for bilingual education, minimum wage, health care and civil rights. Toward the end of his career, Bernal also served on the boards of several organizations, including ACTION, the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) and the Democratic National Committee. Materials in the collection include documents on a wide range of topics, such as Bernal's political campaigns, the Commission on Mexican-American Affairs, MALDEF, housing, equal employment opportunity and education. Some publications and ephemera from political campaigns are also included.

    English
    1942-1981
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • The José Angel Gutiérrez Papers gather together information on the career and interests of the political organizer who founded the Raza Unida Party and other Chicano organizations in the 1960s and 1970s. Materials originate from Gutiérrez's work with the Committee for Rural Democracy, Crystal City Independent School District, the Raza Unida Party, Zavala County Economic Development Corporation, and Zavala County Health Association, among others. Issues included in the collection range from rights to education and health, farm workers' and immigrants' rights, and the economic development of the border region. Correspondence, legal documents, Gutiérrez's writings, audio-visual materials and political artifacts are included in the collection.

    English, Spanish
    1954-1990
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • José de la Luz Sáenz was a founding member of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), serving on the LULAC Board of Trustees from 1930-1932. As a young man, Sáenz fought for the U.S. Army in World War I, and following the war he published a diary arguing that Mexican American service to the U.S. military should translate into the full realization of Mexican American civil rights. These experiences and publications helped to inspire the Mexican American rights movement in Texas and the foundation of organizations such as LULAC. The Sáenz Papers include biographical materials for Sáenz, his professional and activist correspondence and his written works, published or unpublished.

    English, Spanish
    1908-1998
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Juanita Craft was a member of NAACP leadership in the Dallas area from 1935 until her retirement, working as a state field organizer and the Dallas Youth Advisor. As leader of the Youth Council, Craft helped to end segregation of lunch counters and restaurants, the Texas State Fair and North Texas State University through non-violent protest. In 1967, she received an additional award for exposing fraudulent trade schools that preyed on young people around the state. Her persistent work on behalf of civil rights concerns has earned her repeated awards for civic leadership, including national recognition. Her collection includes materials dating back to her early work with the Dallas Youth Council, including a scrap book documenting the Council's work. Printed materials include copies of the NAACP publication, The Crisis, correspondence and documentation of NAACP work more generally, and pamphlets from related organizations.

    English
    1939-1983
    Briscoe Center for American History
  • Mexican American civil rights advocate, educator, sociologist and anthropologist Dr. Julian Samora is considered to be the first Mexican American to receive a Ph.D. in Sociology and Anthropology. His research interests included the delivery of health services, rural populations in urban settings and the rural poor, Mexican immigration and the movement of Mexican Americans along the U.S.-Mexico border, population studies, and the educational status of youth and adults. He was co-founder, along with Ernesto Galarza and Herman Gallegos, of the Southwest Council of La Raza, now the National Council of La Raza. He served on boards or as a consultant to many organizations including, among others, the Colorado Anti-Discrimination Commission, the Indiana Civil Rights Commission, the Mexican American Legal Defense ' Education Fund, the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the President's Commission on Rural Poverty, the President's Commission on Income Maintenance Programs, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, and the United Way. The collection is comprised of correspondence, written works, personal and biographical materials, organization records, photographs, audiovisual materials, and Samora’s personal library.

    English, Spanish
    1934-1989
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) was founded in Corpus Christi, Texas, in 1929 with the mission to advance the economic condition, educational attainment, political influence, housing, health and civil rights of the Hispanic population of the United States. Today, LULAC advocates powerfully for legislation that benefits the interests of all Latin Americans in the U.S. as individuals and members of larger Latin American communities. This three part collection stems from the "Presidential Papers Initiative" established to collect the papers of each LULAC president from 1929 to the present; however, actual preservation in this collection is limited to sixteen presidents over the 80 year history of the organization. Materials range from administrative documents to subject files on a wide range of civil, economic and social rights.

    English, Spanish
    1929-present
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Political leader from La Joya, Texas, and advocate for the poor, Leo James Leo championed many Mexican American causes. He was involved in both local and statewide politics and served on the boards of directors of many Great Society poverty programs, such as the Associated City and County Economic Corporation, helping the poor with food, job assistance, housing, and medical aid. He was often involved in controversy because of his forthright defense of these programs. In 1960, Leo and other Mexican -American political leaders organized the Political Association of Spanish Speaking Organizations (PASSO). Leo chaired the 1,000 member Hidalgo chapter of PASSO, the largest in the state. He also formed the Hidalgo County Political League, an association of liberal Anglo American and Mexican American Democrats, in the late 1960s. In addition, he assisted with summer youth programs and helped file citizenship papers for many Mexican immigrants. The collection contains materials from La Joya political activities and statements; the Guillermo Flores Elementary School dedication; personal and family history; and posthumous dedications and tributes.

    English, Spanish
    ca. 1960-1985
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Photographer and civil rights activist Manuel (Chaca) Ramírez (1947-present) documented Mexican American barrios, civil rights activities, (including the Texas Farmworkers' march of 1977 and the East Austin Boat Race controversy), and Chicano arts and artists. In the 1980s, he recorded the work of Mexican American artists Amado Maurilio Peña, Jr. and Consuelo (Chelo) Gonzalez Amezcua. The collection consists of 875 images that document activities and environs of Mexican Americans in Texas. Photographs of Laredo, Texas, in the 1970's show people of Laredo in their surroundings and the contrasts between poverty and luxury in the city. Slides document the Texas Farmworkers' march of 1977 for reform of labor laws in Texas and the United States, protest marches against police brutality, neighborhood activism in Austin, Texas, and a mural project by the League of United Chicano Artists (LUChA) in East Austin.

    English, Spanish
    1964-1982
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • María G. Flores was a photographer, teacher and social activist best known for her work with the Texas Farm Workers Union from 1975-1979. The collection is primarily composed of documents related to her work with farm workers and the Chicano rights movements. Materials include program files, speeches and photo-documentary work on the lives of farm workers and events in support of their rights.

    English
    1966-1983
    Benson Latin American Collection