Teodoro Cantos was a Philippine national who served as a member of the Japanese Civilian Army during World War II under the name of Teodoro Tatishi. Following the war he was accused of murder and treason and tried in the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and appealed in the Supreme Court of the Philippines. Tatishi argued that he could not be tried in this court because he was a national of the Philippines and therefore a U.S. citizen. The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review this case, but then dismissed it as moot when the Philippines gained its independence. The collection includes the documents, exhibits and transcript of evidence of his war crimes trial. No finding aid is available for this collection.
Nine members of the military junta that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1982 were put on trial by the Buenos Aires Federal Court of Criminal Appeals, a civilian court, and were charged with crimes including homicide, torture, illegal detention, and robbery. The collection consists of photocopies of case transcripts of testimonies by 828 witnesses at the 1985 trial of these military commanders. The 7630 sheets of testimonies, chiefly by released prisoners like Jacobo Timmerman, document instances of kidnapping, illegal detention in clandestine centers, systematic torture, coerced collaboration, and death under torture. Transcripts are arranged chronologically and a list of witnesses is included.
Collection of materials, 1982-1986, mainly newsletters, from the Guatemala Human Rights Commission, the Guatemalan Church in Exile, NISGUA, and the Guatemala Scholars Network. Also information from the photograph exhibition "Guatemala: A Testimonial."
The collection is currently unprocessed but is open to researchers in the Benson Collection.
Mario Cantú was a civil rights activist best known for his success in the restaurant business. In 1969, Cantú began political organizing around Chicano rights by organizing the first "Semana de la Raza" in San Antonio, Texas. He subsequently founded several organizations designed to support undocumented immigrants and reduce police brutality against Chicanos in San Antonio. In 1976, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS) raided Cantú's restaurant and convicted him on charges of employing illegal aliens. Across the border in Mexico, Cantú supported the Partido Proletario Unido de America (PPUA) internationally until he was found to violate terms of his probation following the 1976 conviction. Cantú subsequently focused his energy on the restaurant business, but maintained the physical records of his political endeavors in this collection. Materials include legal documents from the 1976 trial, a large body of documents from the various initiatives mentioned above and collected materials on related topics.
Writer and political activist Martha Cotera founded Information Systems Development, a consulting firm in Austin, Texas, and was the publisher of the Austin Hispanic Directory. Active in Raza Unida Party politics, the feminist movement, and educational and social agencies, Cotera is also the author of several books and articles on Chicanas. The collection contains manuscripts of works by Cotera and others, as well as clippings, correspondence, publications, and ephemera such as broadsides, bumper stickers, leaflets, posters, and tickets. The collection also includes an address book, audiovisual material, calendars, organizational records, scripts, and teaching materials.
The papers of Maurice Cranston (1920-1993) span his professional career as an author, free-lance reviewer, and professor of political philosophy. In 1967 Cranston published the influential essay "Human Rights, Real and Supposed." His papers include the page proofs for What are Human Rights? (The Bodley Head Ltd., 1973), as well as subject files related to human rights.
The Mexican American Programs of the Longhorn Radio Network collection consists of 198 recordings for two series of radio programs: The Mexican American Experience, which first aired in October, 1976, and A esta hora conversamos, which first aired in October, 1981. Both programs were part of the Longhorn Radio Network, a distribution service and production center of public service content for radio stations across Texas and the greater Southwest. The project may also be accessed through its own web page (http://www.laits.utexas.edu/onda_latina) for additional information. The collection contains interviews, music, and informational programs related to the Mexican American community and their concerns. Topics covered on these programs include political activities of Mexican Americans, Mexican American folklore and folk medicine, corridos, Tejano music, Mexican American musicians, voting rights, education, health, farm workers' unions and working conditions, and some Mexican and Central American topics.
In 1979, Carla J. Hagen and four other researchers and photographers (Dan Dickey, María Flores, Félix Peña, and Scott Van Osdol) worked on a project funded by a National Endowment for the Humanities grant and administered through the Southwest Center for Policy Studies in Austin, Texas. They collected 60 songs from migrant workers in the Rio Grande Valley region of Texas, and photographed musicians, informants, and the environment in which migrants live and work.
This collection documents the music and experiences of migrant agricultural workers in the Texas border region. A 403-page manuscript (titled La compusimos pizcando: Texas migrant ballads) describes the lives and music of Mexican and Mexican American migrant workers and includes an appendix with Spanish language song lyrics and English translations; 7 cassette tapes contain interviews with informants including musical performances; 81 black-and-white photographs by Dan Dickey, María Flores, and Scott Van Osdol show musicians, researchers, and the working and living conditions of migrant workers.
This artificial collection describes various individual manuscripts or small manuscript groups that have been accessioned into the Benson Latin American Collection over many years.
Morris Ernst (1888-1976) was an American lawyer and one of the leading advocates of civil liberties in 20th-century America. Ernst served on President Truman’s Committee on Civil Rights and as counsel to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (and later director emeritus) where he defended individual rights and freedom in numerous landmark federal cases on privacy, libel, slander, obscenity, censorship, birth control, abortion, and labor issues. However, Ernst also feared communist influence and helped establish a loyalty oath policy within the ACLU. In his lifetime, Ernst worked with controversial figures such as birth control activist Margaret Sanger, Dominican Republic dictator Rafael Trujuillo, and FBI director J. Edgar Hoover.
The career and personal life of Ernst are documented from 1904 to 2000 through correspondence and memoranda; research materials and notes; minutes, reports, briefs, and other legal documents; handwritten and typed manuscripts; galley proofs; clippings; scrapbooks; audio recordings; photographs; and ephemera.