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Celebrating the Life

UT Collections

104 results, page 2 of 11 104 results
  • Between the 16th and the first half of the 19th century, approximately 400,000 African slaves were brought to Nueva Granada through the ports of Havana, Veracruz, Buenos Aires and Cartagena. Cartagena received more than sixty percent of the slave traffic destined for the Virreinato Peruano. The late 18th century saw the rise of movements to abolish the institution of slavery, movements that were often part of the struggles for independence from Spain. In 1851 Colombian President José Hilario López signed the Ley de Manumisión o de Liberación de los Esclavos en la Nueva Granada that abolished slavery in Colombia. The collection contains edicts and other historical manuscripts documenting slavery, manumission and related subjects in Colombia.

    Latin America
    Spanish
    1779-1852
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • The Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador (CISPES) is a national organization founded in 1980 by American activists to fight against U.S. military intervention in the Salvadoran civil war. CISPES and other organizations advocated for U.S. non-intervention in this and other Central American conflicts and the right of undocumented refugees to sanctuary in the U.S. CISPES is best known for the series of law suits it brought against the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the late 1980s following FBI infiltration and surveillance of the organization. This collection includes materials from the Dallas branch of CISPES that operated from approximately 1981 to 1990 and it documents the FBI infiltration and subsequent law suits, the CISPES sanctuary work in the Dallas area, and Holy Cross community initiatives for the urban poor in Dallas.

    English, Spanish
    1968-1990
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Printed materials, including announcements, handbills, invitations, newsletters, posters, programs, and tickets, document the activities of several gay Hispanic organizations in Houston, Austin, and El Paso, Texas, and Guadalajara, Mexico. The bulk of the collection consists of publications of Houston's Gay Hispanic Caucus (later Gay & Lesbian Hispanics Unidos). Also includes newsletter of the Austin Latino/a Lesbian & Gay Organization (ALLGO).

    English, Spanish
    1979-1986
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Texas author and journalist Dick J. Reavis has written much on the topic of the Mexican people, including pieces on undocumented immigrants, guerrilla movements and their leaders, Mexican American civil rights activists, and the cultural formation of modern Mexico. The collection is comprised of personal papers of Texas author and journalist Dick J. Reavis, and more specifically those materials relating to Mario Cantú, Güero Medrano and the Partido Proletario Unido de America, and the Campamento 2 de Octubre, a squatter camp outside of Mexico City. These include articles, photographs and reflections composed by the Reavis, as well as various newspaper clippings on each subject.

    English, Spanish
    1968-2002
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • The Dirección Federal de Seguridad (DFS) was a government security agency created in 1947 during the presidency of Miguel Alemán. Organizationally part of the Secretaria de Gobernación, the DFS was assigned the duty of preserving the internal stability of Mexico against all forms of subversion and terrorist threats. During Mexico's Guerra Sucia (c. 1960s-1980s), the security forces were implicated in the Tlateloco Massacre and the El Halconazo attack on peaceful student protesters in 1971. The group was disbanded in 1985 after decades of monitoring and collecting intelligence on leftist organizations, students and university faculty. The collection includes the Dirección's daily reports to the president from 1970 to 1977. The reports detail the proceedings of meetings and activities in Mexico City and other regions of Mexico, as well as information regarding abductions and killings of organization leaders.

    Latin America
    Spanish
    1970-1977
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • From 1983 to 1999 the Central America Resource Center (CARC) compiled a collection of news articles on the current events in the U.S. and Central America. A similar project was undertaken for Mexico, the Mexico Newspak, from 1993-1999. The articles documented human rights violations in Central America that immigration attorneys used in political asylum petitions on their clients’ behalf. In 1992, CARC changed its name to the Human Rights Documentation Exchange (HRDE) and expanded its mission to collect documentation for asylum cases worldwide.

    English, Spanish
    1985-1999
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Dr. Ramiro R. Casso was a civil rights activist that fought for school desegregation and equal educational opportunities for Mexican American children. As a member of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Casso also advocated on behalf of Texas farm workers and promoted public health issues along the Texas-Mexico border. Active also in politics, Casso ran for mayor of McAllen, Texas, in 1981, campaigning for increased vigilance on issues of police brutality directed at Mexican Americanss and immigrants. Casso also served on the Texas Board of Health and the Texas Human Rights Commission. Materials in the collection include print documents such as speeches, testimonies and correspondence from each of Casso's endeavors, with a particular focus on health and education issues along the border.

    English, Spanish
    1960-2007
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Legal papers, correspondence, minutes, agendas, printed materials, clippings, photographs, and memorabilia document the strike and other efforts of the Upholsterers' International Union (UIU) Local No. 456 to win collective bargaining rights at the Economy Furniture Company plant in Austin, Texas, from 1968-1972. The non-violent efforts of workers to win union recognition and a signed contract ended in 1971 after a two-and-a-half-year strike also known as the "Austin Chicano Huelga." The collection contains legal records from Sam Houston Clinton and Dave R. Richards, attorneys for the Upholsterers' International Union Local No. 456; miscellaneous briefs and papers relating to court proceedings and settlement of strike; strike and boycott materials; union correspondence; and external publications.

    English
    1968-1972
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Eduardo Idar was a Mexican American lawyer and legal rights activist. The materials document Idar's career as an attorney in Texas with the Attorney General's office, his involvement with organizations such as the American G.I. Forum, the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund, the Political Association of Spanish Speaking People, and his activism for Mexican American rights in schools and in the political and legal process. A large part of the collection documents the case of Ruiz v. Estelle, which found widespread abuses of prisoners in the Texas state prison system and placed it in federal receivership.

    English, Spanish
    1941-2002, (bulk: 1941-1981)
    Benson Latin American Collection
  • Both Erasmo and Sally Andrade were activists who advocated for the fulfillment of the rights of Mexican Americans to education, social services, economic justice and political participation. With these purposes in mind, Erasmo founded three organizations during the 1960s - Bishop's Committee for the Spanish Speaking, the Political Association of Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO), and the Federation for the Advancement of Mexican Americans (FAMA). Erasmo's portion of the collection includes documents and correspondence from each of these initiatives and materials related to various political campaigns and partnerships with other civil rights organizations. Sally's papers focus on the Governor's Task Force on Inhalant Abuse and also include collected writings on the changing roles of women in Latino families.

    English, Spanish
    1931-1994
    Benson Latin American Collection