The Politics of Compliance with International Courts: A General Theory with Evidence from the European Court of Justice
Clifford Carrubba is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for the Study of Law, Politics, and Economics at Emory University. He specializes in the study of comparative legislative and judicial politics, comparative institutions, the European Union, and game theory. Professor Carrubba's current research includes studies of legislative behavior and roll call vote analysis, design and change of judicial institutions, and statistical tests of game theory models. His published works investigate coalition formation, legislative design, public opinion formation, and the European Court of Justice. Professor Carrubba is an award-winning author whose works appear in various political science journals including the British Journal of Political Science, the American Journal of Political Science, International Organization, Comparative Political Studies, and the Journal of Politics. His recent publications include "A Theory of Opinion Writing in the Judicial Hierarchy" in Journal of Politics (with Tom S. Clark; 2012), The Limits of Judicial Independence (Cambridge University Press, 2011), "Locating Supreme Court Opinions in 'Doctrine Space'" in American Journal of Political Science (with Benjamin Lauderdale; 2012), and "Who Controls the Content of Supreme Court Power?" in American Journal of Political Science (with Barry Friedman, Andrew D. Martin, and Georg Vanberg; 2011). He was awarded the Outstanding Reviewer Award by Political Research Quarterly in 2008. Prior to joining the faculty at Emory University, Professor Carrubba taught at SUNY-Stonybrook. He earned a B.A. from Duke University and a Ph.D. in Business from Stanford University.
Matthew Gabel is Professor and Associate Chair of the Department of Political Science at Washington University in St. Louis. His research interests include European politics, cross-national studies of judicial politics, public opinion and mass behavior, and, most recently, American medical policy and decision-making. Professor Gabel is the author of Interests and Integration: Market Liberalization, Public Opinion, and European Union (University of Michigan Press, 1998), in which he analyzes the challenges of creating pan-European political institutions and a unified European currency. Professor Gabel's other recent publications include "Judicial Behavior Under Political Constraints" in American Political Science Review (2008) and "Estimating the Effect of Elite Communications on Public Opinion Using Instrumental Variables " in American Journal of Political Science (with Kenneth Scheve; 2007). His interests recently have turned toward medical policy and decision-making. In this field he has published "Validation of Consensus Panel Diagnosis in Dementia" and "Temporoparietal Hypometabolism in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration and Associated Imaging Diagnostic Errors," both published in Archives of Neurology (2010-2011). He received the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, and was named a Fulbright Foundation Senior Specialist and a Robert Wood Johnson Scholar in Health Policy. Professor Gabel holds a B.A. from Trinity University, two M.A.s in Political Science and Advanced European Studies from the University of Rochester and the College of Europe, respectively, and a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Rochester.