Table 5: Large Spills From Crude Oil Pipelines (01-71 thru 05-86) in Edwards Plateau, Hill Country, and Balcones Fault-zone Provinces, Texas
 
 
 
COUNTY
DATE
OPERATOR
PIPELINE DIAMETER
IN INCHES
REPORTED
VOLUME
REPORTED RECOVERY BARRELS
REPORTED CAUSE
REMARKS
Crockett
04-10-72
Texas/
New Mexico
12
1,150
120
Human error
Blown up by gas company dynamite
"
03-31-78
American Petrofina
4
1,296
0
Defective pipe
None
 
09-15-79
American Petrofina
6
1,719
0
Defective pipe
None
 
11-06-81
American
Petrofina
10
5,600
121
Ruptured pipe
None
Gillespie
03-15-77
Exxon
18
1,400
1,185
Corrosion-rust
1/2" fitting broke off relief line
Hays
12-14-78
Texas/ New Mexico
12
3,220
3,188
Corrosion-rust
Reported spill-volume may be low
Kimble
05-04-79
Exxon
18
25,224
8,730
Corrosion-rust
Pipe split; see text
Medina
06-03-71
Exxon
12
1,250
1,050
Pipeline split
Reported spill-volume may be low
07-08-73
Exxon
12
1,300
1,200
Corrosion-rust
Reported spill-volume may be low.  Split joint due to defective pipe
 
01-08-77
American Petrofina
10
3,102
2,700
Prior damage; pressure caused split
Cold weather congealed oil in earlier shut-down
 
01-21-77
Exxon
12
2,500
1,000
Cold weather--line pulled apart
None
Reagan
08-10-72
Exxon
8,10,12 or 18
2,000
480
Corrosion-rust
None
"
08-02-75
Exxon
8,10,12 or 18
1,000
820
Corrosion-rust
None
 
11-18-76
Permain Corporation
3
1,834
1,734
Corrosion-rust
Reported spill-volume may be low
 
04-22-77
Exxon
16
10,500
10,300
Split in line
Reported spill-volume may be low
 
07-18-77
Mobil
6
1,500
42
Plow hit line
None
 
06-28-78
Exxon
26
1,085
1,040
Excess pressure
Occured at pump station; reported spill-volume may be low
 
12-22-78
Shell
10
1,900
20
Corrosion-rust
None
 
01-22-79
Mobil
4
1,000
0
Root plow hit line
None
 
06-05-81
Western Oil
6
1,300
900
Company truck
Truck impact broke pump and associated fittings
 
08-30-84
Western Oil Trans
6-1/2
1,800
1,076
Bulldozer cut line
None
Sutton
09-28-71
American Petrofina
10
2,526
148
Construction crew cut line
None
"
06-05-81
American Petrofina
10
2,500
0
Corrosion-rust
None
Travis
10-11-76
Exxon
18
1,100
980
Bulldozer hit line
None
"
10-27-79
Exxon
18
1,100
980
Contractor laying water-line with ripper
None
 
05-27-86
Shell
24
2,300
2,100
Land developer bulldozer hit line with ripper
Reported spill-volume may be low
Upton
08-01-71
Shell
6,8,10,16,24
2,044
1,500
Corrosion-rust
None
"
07-02-72
Exxon
8,10 or 18
1,300
0
Bulldozer clearing line with ripper
None
 
03-08-78
Mobil
6
2,060
560
Plow hit line
None
 
05-21-80
Exxon
18
2,309
1,320
Bulldozer hit line
None
 
05-21-80
Exxon
18
1,500
1,400
Bulldozer cut line
Incurred while repairing line; reported spill-volume may be low
 
08-27-82
Exxon
8
2,730
130
Equipment failure
Incorrect operations
 
09-27-85
Shell
6
1,000
900
Corrosion-rust
Report spill-volume may be low