The Art and Art History Collection (AAHC) consists of ancient artifacts, historic objects, and ethnographic materials from the Americas and Africa. The bulk of the collection was formed in 2004, consisting of cultural collections transferred from the Texas Memorial Museum (TMM), currently part of the Texas Natural Science Center (TNSC). The initial transfers from the TMM included largely pre-Columbian and ethnographic collections pertaining to Central and South America. Subsequent acquisitions expanded the scope to include objects from Central Africa and the North American Southwest. The transfers continued through 2008, bringing the current department holdings to nearly four thousand artifacts.
The Art and Art History department acquisitions were supplemented in 2005 by a generous donation of sixty-five objects from Duncan and Elizabeth Boeckman of Dallas, Texas. The Boeckman collection represents cultures from Central and South America, predominantly ceramic figurines from Nayarit, Jalisco, and Colima cultures of West Mexico. The artifacts complement well the pre-Columbian acquisitions and further enrich the strong Americas focus of the department collection.
The most substantial holdings of the AAHC are the ancient ceramic, stone, and textile artifacts created by various pre-Columbian societies. From South America, the collection includes numerous ritual ceramics and exceptionally fine textiles, pertaining to the Nasca, Moche, Chimú, Lambayeque (Sicán), and Chancay cultures. From Central America, the AAHC boasts a rich variety of ceramic vessels, modeled figurines, bone and stone sculptures created by the Olmec, Maya, Aztec, Colima, Nayarit, Zapotec, and Veracruz cultural traditions. The holdings further comprise tripod vessels and bowls from Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, Bolivia, and Ecuador.
In addition to the pre-Columbian objects, the AAHC has a distinguished group of over 700 historic and ethnographic textiles from Mexico, Guatemala, and the U.S. Southwest. These include numerous colorful huipiles (womens’ shirts) from Guatemala and mantas (shawls) from Zinacantan, Oaxaca, and the Huichol regions, collected largely from the 1960s through 1970s. The collection also hosts over sixty Navajo and Hopi textiles that date from the 19th to early 20th centuries.
There are a limited number of African artifacts within the department collection. The objects largely derive from West Africa, such as a divination tray from the Yoruba. There are also wooden sculptures and masks from the Dogon, the Senufo and Mali regions.Representing over two thousand years of ritual and artistic practices, the collection supports a broad range of academic interests for individual research and course instruction. Highly select and representative examples of the collection are on permanent display in the Fine Arts Library, including pre-Columbian ceramics, stone sculptures, and textiles, as well as the African wooden sculptures. Portions of the collection have further been exhibited in the Mexic-Arte Museum, the Jack S. Blanton Museum of Art, the UT Visual Arts Center, and the College of Fine Arts Deans office. Finally, the collection is being digitally catalogued for greater accessibility. Through exhibition, teaching and research, the AAHC thus serves as a substantial resource for university students and the greater scholarly community.
Helmet Mask. Wood. Cameroonian, West Africa. Early 20th century.