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Wildflowers of Texas, Plant Resources Center, University of Texas at Austin

Indian Pipe   Monotropa uniflora    
Indian-pipe family — Monotropaceae

Also known as:

Slides: (click for larger view)


Occasionally in rich woods of deep East Texas and northeastern Texas one will find this odd plant. The Indian pipe is not a fungus! It is a flowering plant, a wildflower, that isn't green because it has no chlorophyll. Rather than producing its own food through photosynthesis (which requires green chlorophyll, water, sun, and air), it "steals" its nutrition from nearby trees through a complex connection by way of fungi in the soil. So, although Indian pipes are not fungi, they depend on them!

Dried Specimens: (click for larger view)


Flowering Months: April, May, June, July, August, September, October

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