Much of the research being conducted at universities, colleges, and institutes around the world is written up by professors, graduate students, and research associates and published in toll-access (subscription) journals. Anyone lacking a subscription to that journal will not be able to access the articles published there. This creates a serious access problem for many people across the globe.
An alternative method of publishing, called Open Access, is gaining in popularity and it allows for anyone to read the results of research for free.
Why should I care?
The short version:
expensive journals = less access to research results, especially for those outside of wealthy higher-ed institutions
less access = less research being done and/or research not happening quickly because of access barriers
The long version:
Most scholarly work is currently published through toll-access journals. The work is given to the journals for free by researchers and faculty at colleges and universities – they do this in exchange for the prestige that comes with publishing their work. Many times the research being described in the journals was funded by public agencies such as the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health. These journals charge a subscription fee for access to the articles they publish. Sometimes the subscription fees are quite reasonable and other times they are outrageously expensive. At most colleges and universities, the Library assumes responsibility for the subscription and for providing access.
For students, researchers, and faculty at wealthy institutions this arrangement has worked relatively well for the past 100+ years. For those researchers at less-wealthy institutions or those unaffiliated with a college or university, it has created an access barrier that makes research difficult. Without a subscription to a journal, a researcher needs to try contacting colleagues at other institutions that do have a subscription or needs to email the authors to see if they will send a copy. These techniques are not always successful which means those researchers are left without access to information they need.
In addition, costs for scholarly journals have been rising rapidly at rates outpacing what libraries can anticipate and plan for based on the inflation rate. This has created an unfortunate situation in which libraries have to cancel some journal subscriptions and purchase fewer books each year in order to keep up with price increases for the journal subscriptions that are considered critical to maintain.
What is Open Access?
Open Access (OA) is the free, immediate, online availability to scholarly works without significant copyright or licensing restrictions. Put another way, it means access to scholarly and creative works without price and permission barriers.
There are two main routes to OA:
- publish in an open access journal – this means the work is freely available from the moment of publication. This is sometimes called gold open access.
- Deposit a copy of the work in a freely available archive – this generally happens either at the time of publication or after publication. This is sometimes called green open access.
What can I do?
As a student you can support OA by asking your professors if they publish their work openly – either in open access journals or in an openly available archive. You can also deposit your own work in the University of Texas at Austin online archive called Texas ScholarWorks.
As a researcher or faculty member you can publish your work in an open access journal, and/or you can deposit copies of your work in Texas ScholarWorks. And, you can start discussions in your department about how faculty and researchers are evaluated for promotion and tenure.
For anyone at UT:
- Stop by tables we’ll have set up during Open Access Week. We’ll have swag, treats, games, and enthusiastic librarians who can answer your OA-related questions.
- Tuesday, Oct. 24th, from 1:00-3:00pm in CLA on the main level
- Wednesday, Oct. 25th, from 12:00-2:00pm in the PCL lobby
- Come to Data & Donuts on Friday, Oct. 27th at 3:00 to learn about sharing data with the Texas Data Repository
- Tweet about open access using #openaccess
- Read about, write about, and talk about open access
- Check out and share the resources we’ve created
What is Texas ScholarWorks?
Texas ScholarWorks (TSW) is an online archive managed by UT Libraries. The goal of TSW is to provide open, online access to the products of the University’s research and scholarship and to preserve these works for future generations. TSW is highly indexed by Google and managed by the Libraries for long-term preservation. It’s easy for members of the UT Austin community (faculty, researchers, students, and staff) to share their work through TSW. Simply check out the FAQs or send an email to tsw at utlists dot utexas dot edu for information about how to submit.
What is Texas Data Repository?
Texas Data Repository (TDR) is an online repository for research data managed by UT Libraries. The goal of TDR is to provide a platform that makes it easier for researchers to collaborate on projects and share the data resulting from their research. It’s easy for members of the UT Austin community (faculty, researchers, students, and staff) to share their work through TDR. Simply check out the documentation or send an email to datamanagement at lib dot utexas dot edu for information about how to submit.
If you have a question about Texas Data Repository, Texas ScholarWorks, managing your data, copyright, or open access come visit us today (10/18). We’ll be in PCL 3.120 from 10:00am-12:00pm.
We’re getting excited for Open Access Week 2017 and wanted to share some of the posters we’ve created. They are all licensed CC-BY, so go ahead and reuse/remix them!
We’re having three activities for OA Week this year.
Tuesday, Oct. 24th, 1:00-3:00pm in CLA
Stop by the CLA main floor, talk to us about ORCID, and get a cookie
Wednesday, Oct. 25th, 12:00-2:00pm in the PCL Lobby
We’ll be having a trivia game event in the lobby. Those who participate will get prizes.
Friday, Oct. 27th, 3:00-4:00 in PCL Learning Lab 1
Data & Donuts – Archiving and Publishing Research Data with the Texas Data Repository
As part of our Open Access Week 2017 celebrations, we’ll be sharing guest blog posts from UT Austin researchers throughout the month of October. You can find the posts on the UT Libraries Tex Libris blog. Our first guest post from K. Sata Sathasivan is now available. Check back with us each Tuesday this month for a new post.
The Stenzel Letters Collection can be found on Texas ScholarWorks right here!
Read more about this important paleontologist below and then check out his letters for more insight to both him and his work. Special thanks to Dawn Comford-Wilcox, Curatorial Assistant at the UT Non-Vertebrate Paleontology Laboratory for this bio and for all here work in putting this collection together.
Biography of Dr. Henryk Bronislaw Stenzel
Dr. Henryk Bronislaw Stenzel, born on February 7, 1899 in Pabianice, Poland, was a paleontologist and stratigrapher whose area of specialty was in studying the Early Cenozoic rocks of the Gulf Coast. In 1918, he attended Schlesische Freidrich Wilhelms University in Breslau, where he majored in paleontology and geology with a minor in physics and mathematics. In 1922, Dr. Stenzel then received his doctorate and was the first student to study the subject of petrofabrics under the supervision of Hans Cloos.
In 1925, Dr. Stenzel took a teaching position at the A & M College of Texas (now known as Texas A & M), where he taught Cenozoic paleontology and stratigraphy. In 1934 he joined the Bureau of Economic Geology at the University of Texas and in 1948, Dr. Stenzel became a Professor of Geology at the University.
Dr. Stenzel became the Chairman of Geology at the University of Houston in 1954. In the 1960s, he was a visiting lecturer at Rice University and a visiting professor of geology at Louisiana State University.
Over the course of his career, Dr. Stenzel had 92 works published on petrology, paleontology and stratigraphy of the Lower Tertiary of the Gulf Coast. His most well known publications include the 1949 work Successful speciation in paleontology: The case of the oysters of the Sellaeformis stock (adaptations of species) and the 1971 work: Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (Oysters).
Dr. Stenzel corresponded with many people in his profession, as well as students, and those he mentored. His collection of letters and exchanges have been digitized and stored for viewing on Texas ScholarWorks. Each file has a PDF view of the original letter as well as metadata, including keywords and dates of the original correspondence, if noted.
Dr. Stenzel also held positions in several professional organizations. He was a fellow of the Geological Society of America, President of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (1949-1950), President of the Paleontological Society (1955-1956), and Delegate of the United States to the International Geological Congress (1956).
Dr. Stenzel passed away on September 5, 1980 in Houston, Texas.
Harry, H. (1981). Henryk Bronislaw Stenzel, The Nautilus.
Roux, W., Jr. (1965). Dedication to Dr. Henryk B. Stenzel, Transactions of the GCAGS, 15.
Our first Data & Donuts event was a huge success – we had almost 70 people in attendance! To accommodate larger audiences, we’ve decided to move future Data & Donuts events to larger rooms. We’ll also be ordering more donuts! With the exception of Sept. 22nd and Oct. 13th, all future Data & Donuts will be in PCL Learning Lab 1. We’ll always post a sign on Learning Lab 4 directing people in case you forget where to go.
Are you a UT Austin undergrad doing research? If so, here’s your chance to show everyone why your work is so great. Undergraduate Studies is sponsoring a video and presentation competition for undergraduate researchers. Students in the first round will make two minute videos about their research. In the second and final round, students will give a six minute presentation to a live audience and judges. Prizes for the winners include an iPad and scholarships. Video submissions close on Oct. 10th. More information about this opportunity is available on the UGS website.
The Data and Donuts fall schedule is finalized and it looks great! If you are interested in data management topics and you like donuts, plan to be at PCL on Friday afternoons this fall. Here’s the full schedule.
Bureau of Business Research announces new access to all articles going back to 1927.
In connection with the celebration of the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Bureau of Business Research (BBR) at The University of Texas at Austin, the Bureau is pleased to announce new digital access to the entire print run of articles published in Texas Business Review (TBR), one of the oldest and most influential business journals in the state.
The Bureau published Texas Business Review (ISSN 0040-4209) from 1927 until 2011, when it was discontinued for financial reasons. TBR articles were designed to turn academic business research into information that could be used by lay business owners and policymakers. TBR contained articles on a wide variety of issues but generally focused, in the last decade of its existence, on topics related to high technology, entrepreneurship, and international trade, especially with Mexico and Latin America.
TBR articles documented changes in the Texas economy over the decades and will be of interest to economic and business historians, students of Texas history, and others interested in the story of Texas.
To explore the Texas Business Review, please visit: http://ic2.utexas.edu/tbr/
Full-text issues of the entire run of TBR are available through Texas ScholarWorks, the digital repository of the UT Austin Libraries.
Colleen Lyon, Scholarly Communications Librarian with University of Texas Libraries, and her team arranged to scan the entire back catalog of TBR as part of the Libraries’ Digital Projects program. Library staff digitized over 13,000 pages to complete the project.
Please join us today, Wednesday, July 19th, 12:00-1:00pm in PCL Learning Lab 4 to learn about digital badging. We’ll have several knowledgeable presenters give a very short presentation and we’ll save the second half of the hour for discussion. Here’s our speaker line-up:
- Victor Baeza, Oklahoma State (via Skype)
- Cinthya Ippoliti, Oklahoma State (via Skype)
- Sarah Sweeney, Center for Open Educational Resources & Language Learning (COERLL)
- Nathalie Steinfeld Childre, COERLL
- Ken Tothero, Texas Extended Campus
If you don’t really know what digital badges are, or would like to share some suggestions for discussion questions, please see our intro to digital badging document.
TSW has now surpassed over 50,000 items! From theses and dissertations to newsletters to articles to student journals, we provide a wide-ranging collection of what is being produced by the UT Austin Community. We have been accessed millions of times by people in almost every country in the world! Thank you for your continued support.
There is an interesting project going on that aims to digitize public domain sheet music to make it more accessible to music fans everywhere. It’s called OpenScore and they are going to be enabling crowdsourced transcriptions to create the digital sheet music. All crowdsourced scores will be checked and reviewed to make sure they are accurate. All the digitized scores will be available under a Creative Commons Zero license which allows unlimited reuse options.